Why You Need Periodic Comprehensive Eye Exams: A Look at Macular Degeneration

  • Posted on: Oct 30 2020
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Eye exams encompass much more than a basic look at your vision. When you see an ophthalmologist, they will evaluate all of the different parts of your eyes. The reason this is necessary is that several conditions may develop without much indication of the damage that is occurring. Here, we discuss one of them, dry macular degeneration.

Macular degeneration is often referred to as age-related macular degeneration. There are two types, dry and wet. Risk factors for this condition included a family history, smoking, and high blood pressure. It typically gets diagnosed in individuals over the age of 60. Early on in the disease process, there are virtually no warning signs. This is why it is crucial to have routine eye exams that observe the retina at the back of the eye. The macula is the center of the retina. It is the part of the eye in which central vision is formed.

Dry Macular Degeneration Symptoms

The symptoms of dry macular degeneration may develop so slowly that they are not noticed. Because they resemble many of the changes people expect to face as they get older, the early indications of potentially dangerous changes to the eyes may be overlooked. If you experience any of the following, it is a good idea to schedule a visit to one of Roholt Vision Institute’s conveniently located offices.

  • Blurry vision. The edges of objects may look unclear; not as sharp as they should.
  • Difficulty reading. This is one of the first symptoms of macular degeneration. You may find that you increase the font size on your phone or computer, and that print in books needs to be magnified.
  • Decreased color vision. As the macula weakens, colors may not look as vibrant.
  • Diminished night vision. It may become difficult to make out objects clearly in dimly-lit areas.
  • Reduced central vision. The macula regulates central vision, so this is where changes occur as the macula breaks down. The degenerative effects are subtle at first but over time one notices that their peripheral or side vision looks clearer, indicating damage.

When a person has dry macular degeneration, changes typically affect both eyes simultaneously. It is important to know what the signs of this disease are, and also to recognize that pain is not one of them. The eyes do not look or feel any different when the macula is breaking down. The only clue is vision. Age-related macular degeneration is often first detected through a comprehensive eye exam. This service is available in our Canfield, Alliance, and North Canton offices. Call today for an appointment at an office near you.

Posted in: Macular Degeneration

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